Molecular cloning and expression of Macrobrachium rosenbergii L-type lectin in Escherichia coli / Chan Chew Chin

Chan , Chew Chin (2019) Molecular cloning and expression of Macrobrachium rosenbergii L-type lectin in Escherichia coli / Chan Chew Chin. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Macrobrachium rosenbergii, also known as the giant freshwater prawn represents a valuable commodity in aquaculture farming all over the world. The lack of adaptive immunity system in M. rosenbergii renders difficulty in development of effective treatment for both pathogenic viral and bacterial infections. Existing disease control relies on effective biosecurity measures such as pathogen-free larvae stock and meticulous cultivation environment management. The effort to elucidate innate defence responses towards pathogens’ invasion provides valuable insights for better disease prevention and control. Lectins are recognised as a crucial component in pattern recognition receptor (PRR), facilitating phagocytosis and pathogen clearance from infected hosts. Recently, attention has been placed on L-type lectins regarding on their potential involvement in innate immune response. This project has cloned and expressed the L-type lectin domain protein, MrLTL, characterised from M. rosenbergii. This protein comprises a signal peptide, L-type lectin domain, a transmembrane region, with a total sequence length of 323 amino acids. Two major carbohydrate-binding motifs, YSN and GDL, were identified. The predictive structure of the protein adopts a beta-sandwich fold solved via homology modelling. Bioinformatics simulation demonstrates preferential binding of mannose-type ligands towards MrLTL with extensive hydrogen bond formation. The production of soluble MrLTL will provide insights into structure and function of this protein, which in turn serve as an effort to expand the current knowledge on L-type lectin in crustacean species.

      Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
      Additional Information: Dissertation (M.A.) – Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2019.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Innate defence response; Pattern recognition receptor; L-type lectin; Recombinant expression
      Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
      Q Science > QR Microbiology
      Divisions: Faculty of Science
      Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
      Date Deposited: 03 May 2021 06:28
      Last Modified: 03 May 2021 06:28

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