A comparative study of energy consumption between various hospitals in Malaysia / Hammad Ahmad Ainuddin

Hammad , Ahmad Ainuddin (2018) A comparative study of energy consumption between various hospitals in Malaysia / Hammad Ahmad Ainuddin. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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      The buildings’ sector consumes about 15% of the total energy consumption in Malaysia. Of the biggest contributors to this figure are hospitals, which usually use energy above average due to their operation hours, occupants, and complex services. A survey study was conducted during various energy management system audits to Malaysian hospitals where important data for energy, load apportioning, and significant energy users are collected and comparatively analyzed. The data spans the period of three years from 2015 up till 2017 and the hospitals are categorized by their number of resident specialties and subspecialties. From the study, it was estimated that in 2015, district hospitals consume in average 2,237,776 kWh having a BEI of 148.92 kWh/m2.year; minor specialist hospitals consume in average 6,155,092 kWh having a BEI of 216.62 kWh/m2.year; major specialist hospitals consume in average 17,848,413 kWh having a BEI of 241.89 kWh/m2.year; general hospitals consume in average 28,224,856 kWh having a BEI of 240.96 kWh/m2.year. The load apportioning for 5 different hospitals were also analyzed and it was found that HVAC contributes to about 69% of the total load in hospitals. The study also found in 2016 that, the impacts of El Niño Southern Oscillation event to hospitals’ energy consumption increased the energy consumption up to 13.6% depending on the types of hospitals. The study concluded with ways that could improve energy performance in hospitals from various angles that include technical, management and system improvement.

      Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
      Additional Information: Research Report (M.A.) - Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 2018.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy consumption; Hospitals; Energy performance; Malaysia; Technical improvement; Management and system improvement
      Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
      Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
      Depositing User: Mrs Rafidah Abu Othman
      Date Deposited: 03 May 2021 02:27
      Last Modified: 03 May 2021 02:28
      URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/12191

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