UAV-based RGB/NIR aerial imaging for the detection of Ganoderma disease in oil palm plantation / Ezzati Bahrom

Ezzati , Bahrom (2018) UAV-based RGB/NIR aerial imaging for the detection of Ganoderma disease in oil palm plantation / Ezzati Bahrom. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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    Ganoderma disease in oil palm caused by Ganoderma spp. fungi have caused significant losses of Malaysia's economic income. Advances in remote sensed imagery and image processing using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for Ganoderma disease detection could be developed to reduce operating cost and time as well as cover wider oil palm areas. This study examines the performance of red-green-blue (RGB) and near- infrared (NIR) digital orthophoto image acquired using modified digital cameras mounted on the UAV for aerial detection of Ganoderma disease in oil palm. The orthophoto images were filtered using eight adaptive filters with window sizes of 7×7, 9×9 and 11×11. The filtered orthophoto images then were processed using three supervised image classifiers: Maximum Likelihood (ML), Mahalanobis Distance (MD) and Neural Net (NN). The classifiers were used to classify the Ganoderma disease severities into Experiment 1: T0 (healthy), T1 (mild), T2 (moderate) and T3 (severe); and Experiment 2: healthy and unhealthy. The classification outputs were assessed using a confusion matrix. Best result was obtained from Bit Error filter with 9×9 window size using the NN algorithm with an overall accuracy of 62.41% and a Kappa coefficient of 0.3890. This study demonstrated classification from UAV-based imagery can be improved using filters for Ganoderma disease detection mapping in oil palm plantation.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Additional Information: Dissertation (M.A.) – Institute of Graduate Studies, University of Malaya, 2018.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Ganoderma disease: Digital aerial orthophoto; Supervised classification
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
    Divisions: Institute of Graduate Studies
    Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
    Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2021 07:48
    Last Modified: 24 Sep 2021 07:48

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