Psychometric properties of Bergen social media addiction scale (BSMAS) in Malay version / Romi Tiong Kee Hui

Romi Tiong , Kee Hui (2020) Psychometric properties of Bergen social media addiction scale (BSMAS) in Malay version / Romi Tiong Kee Hui. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaya.

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    Background The percentage of internet users in Malaysia has recorded continuous increment annually, in which it increased from 76.9% in 2016 to 87.4% of users in 2018. The prevalent use of all sorts of social media platform and the convenient access to the internet regardless of time and place has massively enhance the potential of social media addiction. After many years of research, the researchers have yet to reach the consensus in identifying criteria to diagnose problematic attachment to social media. The aim of the study was to validate the Malay version of Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), by using a sample of 166 University of Technology Malaysia (UTM) students. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted at UTM, Johor Bahru. After translation stage and face validity were done, the result of the sample collection was subjected for internal consistency test, construct validity by using CFA method and subsequently testing of the fit indices. Results The instrument exhibited good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = .8) and concurrent validity with Internet Addiction Test (IAT) (Pearson’s correlation = .56, p<.001). IAT was used as the gold standard to determine the cut-off point of BSMAS. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis demonstrated that 10 point was the cut-off score to differentiate the students with and without problematic social media use (composite score of 0 – 24). The analysis of CFA [Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 1.000; Tucker Lewis Index (TLI) = 1.000; root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = <.001; Standardized root mean square residual (SRMR) = .019] confirmed the unidimensionality of the BSMAS. The score of BSMAS is correlated with IAT and the “addictiveness to the social media and academic performance” in SMAAPOS; negatively correlate with BBQ and no correlation with other components in SMAAPOS such as “use and exposure of social media in academic performance”, “age and vi gender use of social media with academic performance”. Conclusion The Malay version of the BSMAS appeared to be a valid and reliable instrument for assessing problematic use of social media use in Malaysian University students. Keywords: BSMAS, social media, addiction, Malaysia, reliability, validity

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Additional Information: Dissertation (M.A.) – Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, 2020.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: BSMAS; Social media; Addiction; Malaysia; Reliability; Validity
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mrs Nur Aqilah Paing
    Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2022 01:41
    Last Modified: 15 May 2023 02:31

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