An investigation of Higg Index evaluation towards the sustainable development of apparel industry in Bangladesh / Chong Chen Seng

Chong, Chen Seng (2022) An investigation of Higg Index evaluation towards the sustainable development of apparel industry in Bangladesh / Chong Chen Seng. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaya.

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      In the past 2 decades, the green supply chain concept or sustainable development in the textile or fashion industry become more important as the brands and people are aware the discarded of the clothes that never worn, and it is contributing the factor of depletion of natural resources and greenhouses gases effect. According to Bank (2019); (Nation, 2019), textile industry has become second most polluted industry come after oil and gas industry around 8% to 10% of the global warming greenhouse effects emissions and including the carbon dioxide and wastewater globally, thus it could cause the ecological impact to environment and human. This issue draws an attention to different stakeholders such as the government agency come out waste prevention activities to promote the sustainable textile and also has proposed the textile industry shall set a consensus standard among manufacturer, supplier to improve the durability of products , and recyclability of the textile products which does not impact on the environment surrounding. Environmentalist practitioners were focused on the education awareness to adopt the sustainable concept & strategies in textile supply chain management. The Higg Index FEM is a set sustainability evaluation tool which is a tool that standardizes and assess the facilities environmental performance by measuring the environment management system, energy usage and GHG emissions, water use , wastewater, air emissions, waste management handling and lastly is chemical management system in the organization to reduce environment impact of supply chain and meet the environmental requirement of industry. This research project focuses on the Higg Index Facility Environment Module (FEM) created by the Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) to investigate the sustainable development within the textile industry and where the organization utilizes appropriate sustainability management tools like Higg Index FEM 3.0. Moreover, this study aims to investigate and determine most environment impact to the textile between company self-assessment scoring and the assessor scoring. Finally, the self-assessment and external assessment will be compared in terms of their significance and the accuracy with which evaluations are scored. In particular, a comparison study using the secondary data from the Higg Index self-assessment & external assessment data results will be conducted using SPSS Statistics 25 data analysis. In conclusion, the results of the Higg Index Module were gathered from the organization's assessment and an external assessor; the SPSS statistics results were presented and demonstrated that the score total verified from the external assessor result for the Higg Index's seven components has a significant impact on the Higg Index FEM Scoring, where the skewness and kurtosis normality with ( P value more than 0.05). Additionally, the main applicability scores of 0.680 for water and 0.607 for wastewater from the external assessor contribute significantly to the Higg Index FEM Module scoring. Self-assessment scores from the organisation were evaluated to be approximately 33% of the total score or 19.06499 points higher than those from the external assessor.

      Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
      Additional Information: Research Report (M.A.) - Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaya, 2022.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Higg Index FEM v 3.0; Sustainability; SAC; Self- Assessment
      Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
      Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
      Depositing User: Mrs Rafidah Abu Othman
      Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2022 02:11
      Last Modified: 26 Aug 2022 02:14

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