Design and synthesis of a potential inhibitor for DEN2 NS2B/NS3 serine protease / Lee Yean Kee

Lee, Yean Kee (2011) Design and synthesis of a potential inhibitor for DEN2 NS2B/NS3 serine protease / Lee Yean Kee. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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        This work involves searching and designing of inhibitors for DEN2 NS2B/NS3 serine protease. It comprises three phases: modeling, synthesis and screening. Homology model construction of DEN2 NS2B/NS3 serine protease was carried out using HCV NS3/NS4A as a template. The model was then evaluated using server-based structural verification from UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics server ( and PROCHECK, VERIFY3D and ERRAT. The results revealed the homology model have reasonable protein fold compared to the crystal structure of DEN2 NS3 without the cofactor of NS2B bound within. The work then continued with in silico protein-ligand docking experiment using AUTODOCK 3.05, where the homology model was used as the macromolecule and the ligands were the competitive inhibitor (4-hydroxypanduratin A, panduratin A and ethyl 3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxy-5-nitrophenoxy)propanoate). The docking results suggested several putative binding informations for each of the ligand tested, when the detail binding interactions between the enzyme and the ligands were carried out. Based on these informations, a novel ligand was designed with better in silico binding energy. This ligand was then synthesised in convergent approach by employing 1,4- dihydopyridine synthesis, Michael addition and Grignard reaction as the key steps. The screening was performed using the synthesised product on the DEN2 NS2B/NS3 serine protease recombinant and the result seemed to indicate the compound to exhibit uncompetitive inhibition mode.

        Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
        Additional Information: Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
        Uncontrolled Keywords: Serine proteinases Inhibitors; Protease inhibitors; Virus inhibitors; Enzyme inhibitors--Therapeutic use; Antiviral agents
        Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
        Q Science > QD Chemistry
        Divisions: Faculty of Science
        Depositing User: Ms NurFarhanah Abd Rashid
        Date Deposited: 15 May 2013 16:12
        Last Modified: 24 Sep 2013 12:28

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