Multiresidue determination of pesticides in olive and palm oil by LC-QTOF-MS / Elham Sobhanzadeh

Sobhanzadeh, Elham (2011) Multiresidue determination of pesticides in olive and palm oil by LC-QTOF-MS / Elham Sobhanzadeh. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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        In this study a comprehensive evaluation of two efficient sample treatment methods based on LLE/freezing-out coupled with matrix solid-phase dispersion-sonication (UA-MSPD) and precipitation at low temperature followed by dispersive solid-phase extraction (d-SPE) has been performed for determination of dimethoate, malathion, carbaryl, simazine, terbuthylazine, atrazine and diuron in both olive and palm oil using liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF-MS) and electrospray as the ionization source. Identification and confirmation of the compounds were based on retention time matching along with the accurate mass measurements of the protonated molecules ([M+H]+) and their main fragment ions. Typical electrospray ionization parameters such as nebulizer and drying nitrogen flow rates, drying gas temperature and capillary voltage as well as fragmentor voltage which affecting the performance of LC-TOF-MS were carefully studied. Optimization approaches were studied in terms of LLE/LTP to select efficiency of type and volume of extracting solvent with and without LTP to obtain the highest recovery yield of pesticides and the lowest co-extract fat residues in the final extract, UA-MSPD clean-up conditions to select type and amount of both dispersant and clean-up sorbent as well as to evaluate the extraction condition from the point of with or without sonication, finally d-SPE cleanup to choose nature and value of clean-up sorbent. The optimal conditions for UA-MSPD were obtained using 5 g of palm oil, 750 mg of PSA as dispersing sorbent, 250 mg of florisil as clean up sorbent and 15 mL of acetonitrile as eluting solvent under conditions of 15 min ultrasonic bath at room temperature. However, when d-SPE was used as the clean-up procedure, high recoveries and good sensitivity were obtained with 150 mg PSA and 50 mg GCB (PSA: GCB (3:1 w/w)). Method validation was performed in order to study sensitivity, linearity, precision, and accuracy for both sample treatment methods. The mean recoveries obtained at three concentration levels (25, 50 and 100 ng g-1) for both palm and olive oil using UAMSPD procedure ranged from 68.5% to 109.4% and 71.8% to 112.4% with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) from 5.4-14.2% and 6.2-13.3% respectively. Linearity for all compounds was determined blank oil samples fortified at concentration levels ranging from 5 to 1000 ng g-1. Linear regression coefficient for all pesticides using both analytical methods was above 0.9985. Detection and quantification limits were ranged from 1 to 5 ng g-1and from 2.5 - 9 ng g-1 for palm oil and 0.6 - 5.4 ng g-1 and 2.1 - 14.2 ng g-1 for olive oil respectively. Average recoveries at three concentration levels (25, 50 and 100 ng g-1) using d-SPE procedure ranged between 75.6 and 107.4% for olive oil and between 76.4% and 107.2% for palm oil with relative standard deviations of 6.2-13.1% and 5.4-14.2% respectively. Detection and quantification limits ranged from 0.6-5.6 ng g-1 and 1.9-17.8 ng g-1 for olive oil and from 0.8-2.7 ng g-1 and 2.1-8.2 ng g-1 for palm oil respectively. Both analytical methods were applied to two different brands of virgin olive oil and palm oil coming from market. No pesticide residues were found at concentrations above the detection limit and the permitted MRLs.

        Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
        Additional Information: Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
        Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental Analytical Chemistry; Palm Oil; Olive Oil; Pesticides
        Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
        Divisions: Faculty of Science
        Depositing User: Ms Rabiahtul Adauwiyah
        Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2013 14:42
        Last Modified: 31 Dec 2013 16:31

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