Leaders’ behaviors, employees’ innovative behavior, and leader member exchange / Fatemeh Hakimian

Hakimian, Fatemeh (2014) Leaders’ behaviors, employees’ innovative behavior, and leader member exchange / Fatemeh Hakimian. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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In contemporary organizations, innovation has become one of the most vital sources of sustenance in today‟s competitive business world. Earlier studies considered employees as a potential source of innovation for an organization. Withal, the manager is one of the most influential sources on employees‟ innovative behavior. Moreover, prior studies indicated the essential role of Leader Member Exchange (LMX) in organizations. This thesis focuses on leadership behaviors that impact on employees‟ innovative behavior, job satisfaction, and affective commitment via the mediating role of LMX. The moderating role of job insecurity is also examined in the relationship between LMX and employees‟ innovative behavior. The data from this study, which was based on quantitative methods, was collected through questionnaires completed by both employees and their immediate managers in Malaysian organizations, regardless of the type or size of the organization. Based on the research framework of this study, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was found as an appropriate tool to test the model through the algorithm models of structural and measurement models simultaneously. Data analysis was carried out using Structural Equation Modelling – Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). The initial statistical results showed that six leadership behaviors have a significant relationship with LMX; Short Term Planning, Consulting, Recognizing, Encourage Innovative Thinking, Taking Risk for Change, and Paternalistic Leadership. Furthermore, the interesting results of this study indicated the significant mediating role of LMX between Recognizing, Taking Risk for Change, Paternalistic Leadership (as independent variables), and all three dependent variables. The results revealed that job insecurity has a significant interaction role as well. Taking into consideration all details of the findings, a model was developed to improve the exchange relationship between manager and employees in Malaysian organizations, as vi well as to enhance employees‟ innovative behavior, job satisfaction, and affective commitment. This thesis provides theoretical, methodological and practical contributions to leadership studies.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.) – Faculty of Business And Accountancy, University of Malaya, 2014.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Accountancy
Depositing User: Miss Dashini Harikrishnan
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2015 10:19
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2015 15:30
URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4676

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