Biologically active indole and bisindole alkaloids from Leuconotis and Kopsia / Gan Chew Yan

Gan, Chew Yan (2013) Biologically active indole and bisindole alkaloids from Leuconotis and Kopsia / Gan Chew Yan. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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    Two Malaysian plants viz., Leuconotis griffithii and Kopsia pauciflora, and one fungi strain (Penicillium sp. (CDA p48.3)) were investigated for their alkaloidal content and the results are summarized below (Table). A total of 107 alkaloids were isolated and characterized from these sources. Of these, 37 are new alkaloids. Leuconotis griffithii yielded a total of 24 new alkaloids, of which sixteen, viz., the tetracyclic ring-opened oxindole leucolusine (1), the strychnan alkaloids, leuconicines AG (28), the ring-C contracted rhazinilam alkaloid, nor-rhazinicine (22), the unprecedented eburnanequinoline dimer, leucophyllidine (36), the eburnanesarpagine bisindole, leuconoline (37), the aspidospermatanaspidospermatan bisindole, leucofoline (38), and the StrychnosStrychnos bisindoles, leucoridines AD (3942), are notable for incorporating novel or intriguing molecular skeletons. The stem-bark and leaf extracts of Kopsia pauciflora gave a total of 10 new alkaloids. These new alkaloids are the seco-leuconoxine alkaloid, compound 62, the eburnane alkaloids, 6364, the corynanthean oxindole alkaloids, 6971, the corynanthean pseudoindoxyl alkaloid, tetrahydroalstonine pseudoindoxyl (73), the aspidofractinine alkaloid, 11,12-dimethoxykopsinaline (77), and the andransinine alkaloids, andransinine (90) and compound 91. The culture broth extract of a Penicillium sp. (CDA p48.3) gave three new variotin derivatives, viz., compounds 101103. Among the new alkaloids, 5,21-dihydrorhazinilam N-oxide (23), leucophyllidine (36), and leucoridine A (39) showed pronounced cytotoxic effects against human KB cells (IC50 0.572.95 g/mL), while leuconodine B (10), leuconodine D (12), nor-rhazinicine (22), leuconoline (37), leucofoline (38), and leucoridines BD (4042) showed only moderate to weak activity (IC50 7.0617.90 g/mL). Leuconicines AB (23), compound 70, and andransinine iii (90) were found to be effective in circumventing MDR in vincristine-resistant KB cells (IC50 1.612.75 g/mL), while leuconicines CE (46), leuconodine E (13), and compounds 62, 64, and 91, showed only moderate to weak activity (IC50 3.8618.13 g/mL).

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.) – Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2013.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Biologically active
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Science
    Depositing User: Mrs Nur Aqilah Paing
    Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2015 10:15
    Last Modified: 01 Apr 2015 10:15

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