Application of PCR-based serogrouping of salmonella enterica / Mohammed ElBagir Mohammed ElHassan Nori

Nori, Mohammed ElBagir Mohammed ElHassan (2010) Application of PCR-based serogrouping of salmonella enterica / Mohammed ElBagir Mohammed ElHassan Nori. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Serotyping is the most fundamental approach in epidemiological surveillance and outbreak investigations for Salmonella. Many multiplex PCR assays have been reported for serotyping Salmonella based on O and H antigens. The aim of this study was to apply and improve the approach in differentiation and serotyping Salmonella enterica strains by combination of sequential multiplex PCRs targeting the O, H and Vi antigens of Salmonella, and this achieved by working on 126 strains. All the strains were purified on BSA and produced black colonies of Salmonella. The strains were confirmed by PCR amplification gene that targets the hilA. 122 of 126 strains produced the expected band size of 789bp. A multiplex PCR (MPCR) for serogrouping targets O and Vi antigens was applied on the 122 strains: 28.7% (C2, n=35), 27.1% (B, n=33), 22.9% (D, n=29), 17.2% (E, n=21), 1.64% (C1, n=2), and 1.64% (A, n=2). Eight of the Salmonella strains from group D have the Vi antigen. A multiplex PCR for serotyping targets H1 antigens was applied on the tested strains, and were Ha, Hb, and Hd antigens detected in 19 of 122 strains. S. Paratyphi A and S. Typhi correctly are identified by MPCR for H1 antigens. The percentage of the strains were produced flagella antigens (H1; a, b, and d) was 18.1% while the percentage of non-expressed strains was 81.9%. Therefore, due to the limited information provided by H1 MPCR assay, additional primers for flagella antigens (both H1 and H2) were used. The optimization was carried out on the new primers by adjusting the concentration of buffer, time and denaturation and annealing temperature. The optimized PCR for H serotyping detected the expected amplicons of H1 and H2 antigens and further confirmation was done by DNA sequencing. The overall of multiplex PCRs of O and H results correctly serotyped 94 of 122 strains (77%). The most frequent serovars encountered were S. Weltevrerden, S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, S. Hadar and S. Typhi. Application of DNA based serogrouping and serotyping found to be robust, quick methods for differentiation of common Salmonella enterica.

      Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
      Additional Information: Dissertation (M.Biotech.) -- Institut Sains Biologi, Fakulti Sains, Universiti Malaya, 2010
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Nucleotide sequence; Salmonella--Classification--Technique; Bacteria--Classification--Technique
      Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
      Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
      Divisions: Faculty of Science
      Depositing User: Ms Juhaida Abd Rahim
      Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2015 13:03
      Last Modified: 02 Dec 2015 13:03

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