Some families of count distributions for modelling zero-inflation and dispersion / Low Yeh Ching

Low, Yeh Ching (2016) Some families of count distributions for modelling zero-inflation and dispersion / Low Yeh Ching. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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    Abstract

    A popular distribution for the modelling of discrete count data is the Poisson distribution. However, count data usually exhibit over dispersion or under dispersion when modelled by a Poisson distribution in empirical modelling. The presence of excess zeros is also closely related to over dispersion. Two new mixed Poisson distributions, namely a three-parameter Poisson-exponentiated Weibull distribution and a fourparameter generalized Sichel distribution is introduced to model over dispersed, zeroinflated and long-tailed count data. Some of the theoretical properties of the distributions are derived and the distributions' characteristics are studied. A Monte Carlo simulation technique is examined and employed to overcome the computational issues arising from the intractability of the probability mass function of some mixed Poisson distributions. For parameter estimation, the simulated annealing global optimization routine and an EM-algorithm type approach for maximum likelihood estimation are studied. Examples are provided to compare the proposed distributions with several other existing mixed Poisson models. Another approach to modelling count data is by examining the relationship between the counts of number of events which has occurred up to a fixed time t and the inter-arrival times between the events in a renewal process. A family of count distributions, which is able to model under- and over dispersion, is presented by considering the inverse Gaussian distribution, the convolution of two gamma distributions and a finite mixture of exponential distributions as the distribution of the inter-arrival times. The probability function of the counts is often complicated thus a method using numerical Laplace transform inversion for computing the probabilities and the renewal function is proposed. Parameter estimation with maximum likelihood estimation is considered with applications of the count distributions to under dispersed and over dispersed count data from the literature.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Poisson distribution; Zero inflation
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Science
    Depositing User: Miss Dashini Harikrishnan
    Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2016 13:51
    Last Modified: 20 Sep 2016 13:51
    URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6686

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