Indole and bisindole alkaloids from Tabernaemontana corymbosa / Nge Choy Eng

Nge , Choy Eng (2017) Indole and bisindole alkaloids from Tabernaemontana corymbosa / Nge Choy Eng. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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    Abstract

    A total of 59 alkaloids (1−59) were isolated and characterized from the leaf and stem-bark extracts of the Malayan Tabernaemontana corymbosa Roxb. ex Wall.. Of these, 25 are new alkaloids. Among the new alkaloids, the pentacyclic alkaloids, voatinggine (1) and tabertinggine (2), which are postulated to derive from a common cleavamine-type precursor, the hexacyclic iboga-derived indole, cononuridine 3, the pentacyclic indoles, criofolinine (4) and vernavosine (5) incorporating pyrroloazepine and pyridopyrimidine moieties, respectively, are notable for incorporating novel or intriguing molecular skeletons. Other new alkaloids isolated from this study include a seco-yohimbine (taberisidine, 7), five iboga (conodusines A−E, 8−12), seven Aspidosperma (apocidines A−G, 20−26), three vincamine (conoduzidines A−C, 30−32), one heteroyohimbine [16α-methoxycarbonyl-16,17-dihydro-19-epi-ajmalicine, 34], two iboga-vobasinyl bisindoles, tabernamidines A and B (55, 56) and one Aspidosperma-Aspidosperma bisindole alkaloid (conofolidine, 59). Two of the iboga alkaloids, conodusines B and C (9, 10) and the iboga containing bisindole (tabernamidine B, 56) are notable for the presence of an α-substituted acetyl group at C-20 of the iboga carbon skeleton (naturally-occurring iboga alkaloids with C-20 substitution by ethyl, hydroxyethyl, or acetyl groups, are usually β-oriented). Conofolidine (59) showed pronounced cytotoxicity toward human KB/S, KB/VJ300(−), KB/VJ300(+), PC-3, LNCaP, MCF7, MDA-MB-231, HT-29, and HCT 116 cancer cells (IC50 0.2−5.9 μg/mL).

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.) – Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2017.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Indole; Bisindole alkaloids; Tabernaemontana corymbosa; skeletons
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Divisions: Faculty of Science
    Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
    Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 17:54
    Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 17:54
    URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7133

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