Passive video forgery detection using frame correlation statistical features / Aminu Mustapha Bagiwa

Aminu Mustapha, Bagiwa (2017) Passive video forgery detection using frame correlation statistical features / Aminu Mustapha Bagiwa. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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    Abstract

    The use of digital videos in criminal investigation and civil litigation has become popular, this is due to the advancement of embedded cameras in handheld devices such as mobile phones, PDA’s and tablets. However, the content of digital videos can be extracted, enhanced and modified using inexpensive and user friendly video editing software, such as; Adobe Photoshop, Sefexa, etc. Thus, the influx of these video editing softwarelead to the creation of serious problems that are associated with the authenticity of digital videos by making their validity questionable. In order to address these problems, two approaches for the authentication of digital videos were proposed by digital forensic researchers. The approaches are either active or passive. Active approaches are the earliest form of video authentication techniques; an active approach is based on digital watermark technology that is used for video authentication and ownership verification. A digital watermark is a hidden digital marker embedded in a noise tolerant video signal. However, the problem with the active approach to video authentication is that it can only be applied in limited situations and it requires the use of a special hardware. Moreover, an authorized person responsible for the watermark insertion can tamper with the video before inserting the digital watermark. Furthermore, techniques for encryption can be used to prevent an unauthorized person from tampering with the content of the video, however, these encryption techniques donot prevent the file owner from tampering with his own video. This limits the ability of digital watermark to ensure authenticity in digital videos. In response to these limitations, passive approaches were introduced. Passive approaches rely on the behaviour of features embedded in a video for forgery detection purposes. Thus, the aim of this doctoral study as a contribution to the field of digital forensic is to develop techniques based on selected video features that can be used to detect tampering of a digital video. In this study, passive forensic techniques are proposed to detect (1) Digital video inpainting forgery, and (2) Chroma key forgery in digital videos. Each of these techniques focus on the specific features that can be used to detect that kind of forgery. Firstly, a technique for the detection of video inpainting forgery is proposed using the statistical correlation of hessian matrix features extracted from the suspected video. Secondly, another technique is proposed for the detection of chroma key forgery in a digital video using the statistical correlation of blurring features extracted from the suspected video. Results from these experiments conducted have proven that hessian matrix features can effectively be used to detect video inpainting forgery with 99.79% accuracy whilst the blurring feature can effectively detect chroma key forgery in digital videos with 99.12% accuracy.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.) - Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology, University of Malaya, 2017.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Digital forensic researchers; Digital videos; Criminal investigation; Embedded cameras; Mobile gadget
    Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
    Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology
    Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
    Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 12:16
    Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 12:16
    URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7137

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