A brain-computer interface to control a prosthetic hand / Yong Xin Yi

Yong, Xin Yi (2005) A brain-computer interface to control a prosthetic hand / Yong Xin Yi. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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    A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) system was developed to operate a prosthetic hand and other devices. The Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals were recorded over the sensorimotor cortex area during foot, left or right hand motor imagery. Only two mental tasks and one or two EEG bipolar channels were identified and used in the online experiments. Autoregressive (AR) modeling was used to extract the features from the spontaneous EEG signals and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) was used as the classifier. Six subjects participated in the online study. However, only three subjects had sufficient control to proceed to the final application phase. The online classification errors for these subjects ranged between zero and 17.8% in the subject-training phase. In the application phase, the subjects were required to complete a preprogrammed test sequence. The optimal time to complete the test sequence is appr9ximately 6 minutes. The times taken by the subjects to complete the test sequence were between 8 minutes 20 seconds and 17 minutes. The unintended activations per minute generated by the subjects varied from zero to 0.8 per minute. In the present application, high classification accuracy with low unintended activations is more important than a high information transfer rate (ITR). By introducing thresholds in the LDA classification rule and averaging the LDA outputs over 5 seconds to arrive at a decision, we minimize the unintended activations although the true positives (TP) and the ITR were reduced. The results of the present study show that three of the subjects were able to use the BCI system to control a prosthetic hand and other devices.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Additional Information: Thesis (M.Eng.) - Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 2005.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain-Computer Interface (BCI); Prosthetic hand; Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals
    Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
    Depositing User: Mr Prabhakaran Balachandran
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2017 13:35
    Last Modified: 04 Aug 2017 13:35
    URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7487

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