Pembangunan model implementasi M-Pembelajaran untuk latihan perguruan di Indonesia / Asra

Asra, Asra (2017) Pembangunan model implementasi M-Pembelajaran untuk latihan perguruan di Indonesia / Asra. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Abstract

      The purpose of the study was to develop a learning activity-based M-Learning implementation model for teacher training program for Indonesia. The development of the model was aimed at how M-Learning could be used to support formal learning in aiding students to achieve both learning needs and target course outcomes through networking of learning activities. The study adopted the Design and Development Research approach, which was introduced by Richey & Klein (2007) to develop the model.Based on the approach, the study was conducted in three phases. Phase 1 involved needs analysis using survey questionnaire that was conducted among 220 teacher trainees to investigate the need to adopt M-Learning and consequently the development of the model. Data for this phase was analyzed using descriptive statistics via Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Interpretation of the needs analysis was based on the values of mean and standard deviation. Phase 2 adopted the Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) method to develop the model via a panel of eight (8) experts. Interpretation of the data was based on the model generated by ISM software and the classification and relationships of elements (learning activities). Phase 3 involved another panel of experts of 48 members to evaluate the model using a modified Fuzzy Delphi technique. The evaluation was based on their responses to a seven-likert linguistic scale survey questionnaire. The „threshold‟ value (d) was calculated to determine the experts‟ consensus for all questionnaire items while the defuzzification (Amax) values for the items would register the agreement (decision) of the experts.The overall findings for Phase 1 indicated that the students owned at least one mobile technology device (98.6%, n = 217) with 82.2% (n = 181) of their devices were at least Level 2.This concluded that the students have the necessary technology access for the incorporation of M-Learning in their formal learning. They also showed high acceptance level and intend to use M-Learning in their formal teacher training program. Thus, the findings necessitated the need for the study to develop the model. Findings from Phase 2 resulted in the development of the model that consisted of 17 formal and informal learning activities determined by a panel of experts. The experts also viewed that the activities could be divided into three learning domains and four activity clusters to facilitate the interpretation of the roles of the activities. Finally, findings from Phase 3 of the study showed consensual agreement (d = 89.9%) among the experts in terms of the selected learning activities (Amax = 42.03), relationships among them (Amax = 43.05), the classification of the activities (Amax = 42.05), and the overall evaluation of the model (mean Amax = 41.59) as the values exceeded the minimum value of 33.6. The model proposes how formal and informal learning could converge practically through the incorporation of M-Learning activities in formal learning settings in aiding the students to fulfill their learning learning needs and target course outcomes.

      Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
      Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.) - Institute of Graduate Studies, University of Malaya, 2017.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: M-Learning; Learning needs; Teacher training program; Indonesia; Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM)
      Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
      L Education > LC Special aspects of education
      Divisions: Institute of Graduate Studies
      Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
      Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 12:06
      Last Modified: 19 Sep 2017 12:06
      URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7538

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