Biological screening for anti-influenza a virus agents / Tan Ming Cheang

Tan, Ming Cheang (2018) Biological screening for anti-influenza a virus agents / Tan Ming Cheang. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Abstract

      Influenza virus is estimated to cause 3-5 million severe complications and about 250- 500 thousand deaths per year. Different kinds of anti-influenza virus drugs have been developed. However, the emergence of drug resistant strains has presented a big challenge for efficient antiviral therapy. Indole derivatives have been shown to exhibit both antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, a cell-based system was adopted to screen for potential anti-IAV agents. Four indole derivatives (named 525A, 526A, 527A and 528A) were subjected to the antiviral screening, of which 526A was selected for further investigation. Here, pre-treating cells with 526A protects adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells from IAV infection. Furthermore, 526A inhibits IAV replication by inhibiting the expression of IAV genes. Interestingly, 526A partially blocks the activation of RIG-I pathway and therefore suppresses the activation of IRF3 and STAT1 in host cells and thus represses the production of type I interferon response and cytokines in IAV-infected cells. Taken together, these results suggest that 526A may be a potential anti-influenza A virus agent.

      Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
      Additional Information: Dissertation (M.A.) – Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2018.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Virus agents; Anti-influenza; Antiviral therapy; Biological screening; Cell-based system
      Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
      Divisions: Faculty of Science
      Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
      Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 04:28
      Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 08:02
      URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9410

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