Genome and transcriptome analysis of quorum sensing properties in Vibrio variabilis strain T01 / Nur Izzati Mohamad

Nur Izzati , Mohamad (2017) Genome and transcriptome analysis of quorum sensing properties in Vibrio variabilis strain T01 / Nur Izzati Mohamad. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Abstract

      Quorum sensing (QS) is bacterial communication that allows bacteria to respond to stimuli in population density-dependent manner. In this work, seawater sampling site was Morib Beach, Malaysia. This work has successfully isolated 60 bacterial strains. Five of them namely T01, T08, T14, T33 and T47 showed N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) production screened by QS biosensor. These QS bacteria were identified using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequence which showed that all of them are members of Vibrio genus. Profiling of the AHLs produced by these isolates revealed production of both short-chain and long-chain AHL production by all of the strains. The AHLs profiles are as follows; T01 produced Nhexanoyl- L-homoserine lactone (C6-HSL), N-(3-oxo-decanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (OC10 HSL) and N-dodecanoyl homoserine-L-lactone (C12-HSL), T08 produced Nbutanoyl- L-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL) and C6-HSL, T14 produced C6-HSL, T33 produced C6-HSL and OC10-HSL and T47 produced C4-HSL. Next, draft genomes of all five strains were obtained using MiSeq platform followed by bioinformatics analyses. Of these, V. variabilis strain T01 showed the presence of a QS synthase gene vanM (contig 16, 1203 bp) in V. variabilis strain T01 vanM was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS. From the overexpression analyses, vanM is responsible for the production of three AHL which are C6-HSL, OC10 HSL and C12-HSL. Using a known anti-QS compound, gallic acid, biofilm assay was performed on V. variabilis strain T01 and treatment of gallic acid significantly reduced its biofilm production. To further study the mode of action of gallic acid on V. variabilis strain T01, transcriptomic analyses were carried out. From the RNA-sequencing data, most of the V. variabilis strain T01 genes were affected upon gallic acid treatment involved in transport and metabolism (inorganic ions, amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids). Genes related to QS such as cell motility (fliS, fliT and fliL) were down-regulated and cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis (tonB) were notably up-regulated

      Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
      Additional Information: Dissertation (M.A.) – Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2017.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Genome; Quorum sensing (QS); Bacterial communication; Vibrio genus; Bioinformatics analyses
      Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
      Divisions: Faculty of Science
      Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
      Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 03:34
      Last Modified: 19 Feb 2019 03:34
      URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9694

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