Water hammer analysis on high pressure due to stopping pump / Nur Zalynda Zakaria

Nur Zalynda , Zakaria (2019) Water hammer analysis on high pressure due to stopping pump / Nur Zalynda Zakaria. Masters thesis, University Malaya.

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      In such restricted framework for water pipeline, a sudden relocation of stream that causes expansive weight destabilize or back weight is called water hammer. The called is given because of the sound that happens amid the reverse of water. It is generally imperative thought of numerous water powered plan structure because of outrageous variety of weight cause by the pump. The compressibility of water and the flexibility of channels, weight waves will at that point spread in the pipe until the point when they are diminished at certain speed, which is subject to the pipe material and divider thickness. Through the impacts of the water hammer changing, go from slight changes in weight and speed to adequately high weight or vacuum through to disappointment of fittings, and burst channels. Figure 1 indicates burst mellow steel pipe because of water hammer weight. This pipe thickness and pipe material is not adequate to support the water hammer weight. In this way, pipe burst and reasonable numerical displaying of the diverse fixing in pressure driven framework is important to get, valuable outcomes, which help satisfy these goals. In this paper numerical demonstrating were used to create PC program to reproduce the water powered transient in straightforward pipe. There was no compelling reason to think about instances of precarious stream, either in open diverts or in shut funnels and conductors. The activity of waves on shore 1ines, in sounds and ports, and a1ong channels, was the main prob1em simi1ar to water-hammer known in early occasions, and the numerical and physical learning in those days was not able adapt to this issue with the exception of by development of barriers for assurance of harbors and shipping. This part of hydrau1ics, now assigned as beach front building, which bargains with tida1 and surface waves, has turned into an essential field, especially in this twentieth century. As a result of the fast stream changes, a weight wave is proliferated while a negative down flood goes down the pipeline to the release outlet where it is reflected. The reflected wave will thusly makes a positive flood along the pipeline. Not at all like some part of the framework conduct that are traditionalist when dismissed, can’t this marvel be ignored as it builds the seriousness of water hammer. Segment partition is the irregularity in the water segment caused by inordinate strain when the weight is diminished to the vapor weight of water. Expansive breadth thin walled pipelines are especially powerless against shell crumple under this condition. On the other case, if the unfriendly weight isn't adequate, appropriate flood concealment gadget will be prescribed to constrain the weight to adequate dimensions.

      Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
      Additional Information: Research Report (M.A.) - Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 2019.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Water pipeline; Water hammer; Pipe material; Stopping pump
      Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
      Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
      Depositing User: Mrs Rafidah Abu Othman
      Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2020 04:26
      Last Modified: 02 Sep 2020 04:27
      URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/11426

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