Pang , Sin Yang (2020) *Thermodynamic properties of transverse field quantum Ising model using tensor network formalism / Pang Sin Yang.* Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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## Abstract

Ising model has been successful in describing ferromagnetism and its phase transition to paramagnet. At the critical point, the free energy density function and its derivatives diverge. Their behaviour near the critical point are described by power-laws with associated critical exponents. In many cases, the critical exponents can be determined from analytic solutions via conventional renormalization groups methods or from Monte Carlo simulations. However, for quantum many-body systems, very few are tractable to analytical solutions. The quantum many-body wavefunction belongs to large dimensional Hilbert space that increases exponentially with system size. If the Hamiltonian is gapped and only local interaction is considered, then the wavefunction can be efficiently truncated. Tensor Network formalism provides a scheme to truncate the less important degrees of freedom via Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) of the density matrix. In this study, we investigated the thermodynamic properties and phase transition of one-dimensional transverse-field quantum Ising model (1D-tQIM) under the finite-size effect and random coupling strength. Starting with Matrix Product States (MPS) as a wavefunction ansatz, the Density Matrix Renormalization Group algorithm is applied to the MPS. The variational algorithm, which iteratively performs SVDs and truncation at each bond, approximates the ground state MPS wavefunction. All quantum observables are calculated from the contraction of the resultant ground state MPS. Although theoretically, divergence at critical points only happen in an infinite system, one can obtain the critical exponents through simulation of finite-size 1D-tQIM. Using the analytic solution as a benchmark, we compared the finite-size effects of the system using finite-size scaling analysis and MPS methods. The critical exponents of 1D-tQIM are independently calculated and compared with the analytical results. Thermodynamic quantities such as magnetization, susceptibility and correlation function are calculated for system sizes of 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 spins. We determined the respective critical exponents:

Item Type: | Thesis (Masters) |
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Additional Information: | Dissertation (M.A.) – Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2020. |

Uncontrolled Keywords: | Quantum Ising model; Critical dynamics; Matrix product states; Finite-size scaling; Noisy coupling |

Subjects: | Q Science > Q Science (General) Q Science > QC Physics |

Divisions: | Faculty of Science |

Depositing User: | Mr Mohd Safri Tahir |

Date Deposited: | 03 May 2021 07:01 |

Last Modified: | 03 May 2021 07:01 |

URI: | http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/12184 |

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