Bioethanol production from date fruit waste and its usage in petrol engine / Mazen Abdullatif Alzain

Alzain, Mazen Abdullatif (2012) Bioethanol production from date fruit waste and its usage in petrol engine / Mazen Abdullatif Alzain. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

PDF (Title page, abstract, content) - Submitted Version
Download (387Kb) | Preview
    PDF (chap 1 & 2 intro & lit review) - Submitted Version
    Download (381Kb) | Preview
      PDF (chap 3 materials & methods) - Submitted Version
      Download (786Kb) | Preview
        PDF (chap 4 & 5 Result, discussion, conclusion) - Submitted Version
        Download (670Kb) | Preview
          PDF (References & Appendices) - Submitted Version
          Download (317Kb) | Preview


            Biofuel is biodegradable, nontoxic and suitable substitute for fossil fuels, and capable to reduce greenhouse gas like CO2, CO, HC and NOX emissions. The study investigated the use of waste date from date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) as a source of bio-ethanol production that could be used as a fuel. The bioethanol was produced by fermentation process using the waste dates as a substrates for yeast and enzymes such as cellulase and amylase. The effects of different fermentation parameters such as yeast concentration, pH, temperatures, fermentation periods, water content and substrate components on bioethanol production were investigated. From the results, the maximum yield of bioethanol (25%) was achieved at Yeast concentration of 5g/l under pH 5.8 at 28°C for 5 days. Crushed/ground seed showed second highest yield compared to whole seed which was treated by cellulase and amylase. Viscosity and acid value were found within the limits prescribed by the latest American Standards for Testing Material (ASTM). Based on ASTM standardized tests, the produced bioethanol was found be acceptable as a transportation fuel. Though, the bioethanol samples analyses revealed no toxic elements, it did contained metals such as Fe, Cu, Sn, Mn, Ag, Mo, Zn, P, Ca, Mg, Si and Na. Fuel consumption was observed to reduce when 10% (v/v) produced bioethanol blend in gasoline was used as compared to 5% bioethanol blend. The greenhouse gas emissions such as hydrocarbons (HC), sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) were lower in bioethanol blended with fuel (E5 and E10) than 100% gasoline. From the results stated herein, it could be suggested that waste dates could be used as a potential feedstock for bioethanol production that could be an appropriate substitute fuel for engine use.

            Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
            Additional Information: Dissertation submitted in fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Biotechnology
            Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass energy; Ethanol as fuel; Dates (Fruit); Waste products as fuel; Agricultural wastes as fuel; Biofuel
            Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
            T Technology > T Technology (General)
            Divisions: Faculty of Science
            Depositing User: Ms Rabiahtul Adauwiyah
            Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2013 15:25
            Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 10:32

            Actions (For repository staff only : Login required)

            View Item