Eating green : customers' willingness for adoption of ecological food consumption behaviors : a comparative study between Malaysian and Singaporean consumers / Maryam Kashani Nazari

Nazari, Maryam Kashani (2012) Eating green : customers' willingness for adoption of ecological food consumption behaviors : a comparative study between Malaysian and Singaporean consumers / Maryam Kashani Nazari. Masters thesis, University of Malaya.

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        Purpose-This study attempted to examine Malaysian and Singaporean consumers‘ willingness for adoption of ecological food consumption behaviors through inspecting the effect of consumers‘ attitudes and perception on environmentally friendly activities, motives for meat reduction and increasing consumption of seasonal and regional fruits and vegetables and green marketing strategies on encouraging consumers towards consuming green food. Design/methodology/approach-The survey was done in Malaysia and Singapore to identify about consumers‘ willingness for adoption of ecological food consumption behaviors and to investigate the effect of factors such as consumers‘ environmental perception, motives and green marketing strategies on consumers‘ willingness towards green food consumption. It reports the empirical results of a survey through the use of questionnaire method. The questionnaires were administered to 450 respondents through visiting University of Malaya, and shopping malls in Klang Valley in Malaysia and through visiting various shopping centers, restaurants and other public places in Singapore. The analysis of the questionnaire was done with the statistical program SPSS version 20, and descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, factor analysis, regression analysis, t-test and ANOVA were employed for hypotheses testing. Findings- The findings show interesting clues about consumers‘ environmental attitudes and perception and their willingness to consume ecological food. Most of Malaysian and Singaporean consumers have expressed a great interest in protection of the environment. Thus, these attitudes will influence their willingness to change their conventional purchasing and consumption behaviors towards green food consumption. Motives for meat reduction and increasing use of seasonal and regional vegetables and fruits also influence consumers‘ willingness. The green marketing strategies, including eco-label and eco-brand has greater influence than advertisement, therefore; companies need to promote eco-labeling and eco-branding to encourage green food consumption among Malaysian and Singaporean consumers. The study also revealed some interesting facts about demographic differences in Malaysia and Singapore. Accordingly, gender significantly influenced Malaysian consumers as female consumers were more willing to adopt ecological food consumption behaviors comparing to male consumers, while no gender difference was observed in Singapore. On the other hand, no significant difference could be found between different age groups and their willingness in Malaysia, although results showed a significant difference between Gen Y and Gen X in Singapore where older consumers were more interested to consume green food. However, education level did not play a significant role on consumer choice of green food in Malaysia and Singapore. Finally religion was significantly influenced consumers‘ willingness as differences could be observed between Christians and Hindus, as well as between freethinkers and atheists and Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists. Practical implications- The findings offer valuable knowledge on Malaysian and Singaporean consumers‘ perception on environmental issues as well as on the effectiveness of motives and green marketing strategies. This is beneficial for both environmental and non-environmental organizations and companies to develop green policies and strategies to encourage ecological food consumption behaviors which accordingly contribute to protection of the environment and improvement of people lives in these countries. Originality/Value- This is the first comparative study that examines consumers‘ willingness to adopt ecological and green food consumption behaviors by considering the effectiveness of consumers‘ perception, motives, green marketing strategies and demographics in Malaysia and Singapore. Paper type- Research paper

        Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
        Additional Information: Dissertation (M.B.A.(Acc.)) -- Fakulti Perniagaan Dan Perakaunan, Universiti Malaya, 2013.
        Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecological food consumption; Ecological food; Malaysian and Singaporean consumers;
        Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
        H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
        Divisions: Faculty of Business and Accountancy
        Depositing User: Ms Rabiahtul Adauwiyah
        Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2013 17:28
        Last Modified: 06 Sep 2013 10:44

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