Thermoelectric properties of LaCo4Sb12 skutterudite materials by addition of Al, In, Ni & Te / Mohamed Bashir Ali Bashir

Mohamed Bashir, Ali Bashir (2017) Thermoelectric properties of LaCo4Sb12 skutterudite materials by addition of Al, In, Ni & Te / Mohamed Bashir Ali Bashir. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Skutterudite is a superior material used in thermoelectric application. In this work, the crystal structure and morphology of the ternary skutterudite (La/Yb)xCo4Sb12 were modified by incorporating of various addition such as Al, In, Ni and Te. This process was conducted via two step method namely mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering technique. Specifically, the phase structure and morphology of the bulk samples were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy integrated energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis (SEM-EDS), respectively. The thermoelectric properties of the bulk samples were measured in a temperature range of 300 K to 800 K. Furthermore, the oxidation and thermal properties of the samples were studied using a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) that measured from 25 °C to 1000 °C. Evidently, it is proved that all of the samples demonstrated a dominant phase of polycrystalline CoSb3 skutterudite. Among the sample, Al0.05La0.5Co4Sb12 exhibited an excellent electrical properties, as manifested by its optimum carrier concentration and lowest electrical resistivity of 7.6μΩm at 314 K. In terms of the Seebeck coefficient, La0.5Co4Sb11.7Te0.3 recorded a highest value of 300 μV/K at 404 K. In the thermal conductivity behaviors, Al0.3La0.5Co4Sb12 sample showed the lowest thermal conductivity and lattice thermal conductivity values of 1.1 W/mK (314 K) and 0.64 W/mK (595 K), respectively. This occurrence can be related to the enhancement in phonon scattering by rattling Al atom into the lattice cages. Al0.05La0.5Co4Sb12 also presented a highest dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) which is 1.36 at 789 K, validating the substantial mitigation in electrical resistivity and lattice thermal conductivity. In conclusion, it has been proven that the modified materials possess notable oxidation and thermal stability in high temperature regime up to 800 °C.

      Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
      Additional Information: Thesis (PhD) – Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 2017.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Thermoelectric; Thermal conductivity behaviors; Oxidation; Polycrystalline; Lattice thermal conductivity
      Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
      Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
      Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
      Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 07:23
      Last Modified: 01 Jun 2020 03:06

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