The planning system and land development in Malaysia: dominant town planning factors affecting private housing development / Ibrahim Mohd @ Ahmad

Ibrahim, Mohd@Ahmad (2009) The planning system and land development in Malaysia: dominant town planning factors affecting private housing development / Ibrahim Mohd @ Ahmad. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Abstract

      Research from various developed countries has demonstrated that the town planning systems affects housing development in terms of location, land use intensity, production costs and house prices, and has led to the emergence of housing problems. The town planning system in Malaysia which has been in practise since the 1920s might possibly have a similar impact on housing development here , but very few studies have dealt with this particular issue. The effects of town planning on housing land development could be related to the way planning authorities implement the planning systems, which includes the preparation of development plans, the interpretation of development plans into development plans, the interpretation of development plans into development control, and planning decision processes. To ascertain the main causes, this study explores the structure and agency development process model. Accordingly, this study has analysed factors and components of town planning that affected private housing development within a period of thirty years (1976-2005). The secondary data were analyzed to identify housing development issues and problems in Peninsular Malaysia. The primary data gathered through face-to-face interviews were analyzed to identify the main factors and components in town planning affecting housing development. The results of the analyses reveal that the development plan (structure and local plans) was the dominant factor, while the approval process, planning guidelines, land holdings and technical requirements were the main components affecting housing development. Consequently, this study concludes that firstly, the institutional structures and agencies established in Malaysia have affected housing development based on administrative procedures in the planning approval process and the preparation process of the development plans; secondly, development control activities in local planning authorities are very much tailored to accommodate technical requirements of technical bodies; thirdly, town planning requirements and guidelines are seemed to have ignored changes in taste, demand and technologies; fourthly, there has been a lack of consideration about the impact of planning decisions on housing development; and fifthly, additional costs have indirectly been imposed on housing developers, which will contribute to a certain proportion of the total land development costs. Therefore, the way that the planning authorities implement the planning system is proven to be one of the factors affecting private housing development leading to the emergence of housing problems in Malaysia.

      Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
      Additional Information: Thesis (PhD) - Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya, 2009.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: City planning; Regional planning; Malaysia; Land use; Housing development
      Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
      Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment
      Depositing User: Mr. Khairul Fadzlie Khalid
      Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2018 05:31
      Last Modified: 15 Nov 2018 05:32
      URI: http://studentsrepo.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9121

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