Design, simulation and testing of an omni direction deflector for vertical axis wind turbine / Wong Kok Hoe

Wong , Kok Hoe (2019) Design, simulation and testing of an omni direction deflector for vertical axis wind turbine / Wong Kok Hoe. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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      Research have shown a growing interest in vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) due to their numerous benefits especially the omni-direction feature. However, VAWTs exhibit lower efficiency and are difficult to self-start. In this research, an omni-direction deflector (ODD) has been proposed to enhance the performance of a straight-bladed VAWT. Three-dimensional numerical simulations have been performed to analyze the aerodynamic characteristics of a straight-bladed NACA 0021 VAWT and the effects of a flat plate deflector. Sliding mesh method was employed to simulate the rotational motion of the VAWT using ANSYS Fluent at tip speed ratio (TSR) of 2.58. The unsteady flow CFD simulation was validated with the wind tunnel experimental data available in the literature. A few parameters including the position, the inclination angle and the length of the flat plate deflector were investigated. The simulations showed that the augmented flow occurred at the near wake region of the flat plate deflector. This flow was directed and accelerated by the deflector by about 18% higher than the oncoming wind flow before impinging with the turbine; hence the coefficient of power, CP of the VAWT improved significantly. From the simulation results, the optimum parameters for the flat plate deflector were placed at the horizontal distance of 2R from the rotor axis, a vertical distance of 0.66H from the lower edge of the VAWT, zero inclination angle, and 1.5H for the plate length. With these parameters, the average coefficient of torque increases about 46.95% compared to the VAWT without the deflector. The research was extended for the development of the ODD where it comprises six flat plate deflectors evenly surrounding the VAWT with a distance of 0.66H from the lower edge of the VAWT rotor blade. Simulations with the same setup were performed with the ODD. In order to simulate the wind flow from all directions, the ODD was oriented at 0° and 30° to the oncoming wind. The simulation shows a higher average CP of 35.48% and 37.63% which were achieved for the ODD placed at 0° and 30° respectively. In addition, lab tests were conducted to verify the effects of the ODD on a five-bladed VAWT with the oncoming wind speed at 6 m/s. From the result, both the simulation and experimental results showed a good agreement on the performance enhancement with the presence of the ODD. The ODD accelerates and directs the oncoming wind towards the VAWT, hence, improving the CP of the VAWT significantly. From the lab tests, the maximum CP achieved was 0.0510 and 0.0489 at TSR 0.9 when the ODD was oriented at 0° and 30° to the oncoming wind, compared to the bare turbine of 0.041 at TSR 0.8, an increase of 23.49% and 18.40% respectively. Furthermore, a higher rotational speed, wider TSR range, and better self-start ability were achieved with the employment of the ODD in the lab tests. The design of the ODD has good potential as it can be easily retrofitted to the existing VAWT system hence enhancing the performance.

      Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
      Additional Information: Thesis (PhD) - Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 2019.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Power augmentation; Vertical axis wind turbine; Coefficient of power; Computational fluid dynamics (CFD); Experiment
      Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
      T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
      Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
      Depositing User: Mr Mohd Safri Tahir
      Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2020 07:57
      Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 07:57

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